The 8th century will remain a great epoch in the Cordoba history. It is in the early years of the 8th century that the Moorish invaders conquered the town and embarked on construction of 300 mosques, places and public buildings to rival those in Constantinople, Baghdad and Damascus.
Later in the 13th century during the rule of Ferdinand III the Saint, Cordoba’s Great Mosque was converted into church and new defensive structures were erected around it including the Alcazar de los Reyes Cristianos and the Torre Fortaleza de la Calahorra.
The Historic Center of Cordoba is defined by streets that surround monuments, parcels of lands, blocks of houses and mosque-cathedral. It is bordered to the south by River Guadalquivir that features the Roman Bridge and the Clahorra; and to the east by Calle San Fernando, to the north by the commercial center and to the west by Alcazar des los Reyes Cristianos and San Basilio quarter.
Two geographical features dominate the Cordoba landscape – the mountains of Sierra Morena and River Guadalquivir. The town was a thriving Carthagian township in 206 BC before it was captured by the Romans. Due to its strategic location both militarily and commercially, the town was made the capital of Hispania Inferior by the Romans and then adorned with public and public buildings as well as fortifications.
In the 6th century, the barbarians would initiate a series of invasion that led to the crumble of Roman society in the Iberian Peninsula. This sustained attack brought the end of Roman domination and in came the rule of Visigoths. In the year 756, the Caliph of Damascus set up his palace in the city, an action that would usher in the most glorious period of the city’s history.
He built the Great Mosque on the site where the Roman Temple of Janus had been built. Cordoba became renowned as a center of artistic and scientific learning. Unfortunately, between 1009 and 1031, the Caliphate saw bitter civil war that led to its collapse, but the Great Mosque survived. In 1236, the city fell to Ferdinand III and the mosque was converted to a cathedral. He also erected defensive structures that befitted a frontier town under sustained attack from the Moors.
Apart from the attractions mentioned above, there are several other things you might want to see in Cordoba. They include;